Best Practices in Protecting and Enforcing Trademarks, Copyrights and other IP
Trademarks, copyrighted works, trade secrets and proprietary business information form the core of any franchise system, and are frequently a company’s most valuable assets. Trademarks, including service marks, logos, slogans and trade dress, define the brand identity as presented to the public. The “behind the scenes” business know-how on which the system is built and implemented by franchisees is embodied in a variety of copyrighted and proprietary works – operations manuals, proprietary processes, recipes and formulas, custom software, advertising copy to name a few.
Obtaining, maintaining and enforcing legal protections for these intellectual property interestsisof critical importance to all franchise operations. Following are some best practices to maximize your legal protection.
- Register all trademarks with the US Patent and Trademark Office for all goods and services your business offers.
- Monitor your trademarks as used on the Internet, in competitors’ advertisements, in publications and other media, and take prompt enforcement action against unauthorized users.
- Register domain names for all of your trademarks, including common misspellings and variations, and registerdomain names if available for names describing the products and services your business offers.
- Place copyright notices on manuals, customized software and other proprietary business materials.
- File copyright registrations with the U.S. Copyright Office for important works that are likely to be copied by competitors.
- Place prominent confidentiality notices on important internal business documents, operations manuals, and other proprietary information.
- Have your key officers and employees, as well as franchisees and their managers, sign confidentiality and non-compete agreements.
- Obtain written work for hire / copyright assignment agreements from all outside firms such as software developers, consultants, advertising agencies and design firms that produce any creative works for your business.
The last point is commonly overlooked, but it is a practice that every business must take. If you adopt only one practice as a result of reading this article, it should be this. Without written work for hire / copyright assignment agreements, your business will not have ownership of the copyrights to creative works your company has hired outside firms to produce. You will instead have only limited rights to use the works, and the outside firm will retain rights to use the works for others, including your competitors.
While this is not an exhaustive list, it is a good starting point to evaluate your current procedures. Franchisors that follow these practices will have taken the basic steps needed to secure legal protection for key intellectual property assets.
- James A. Wahl Monroe Moxness Berg P.A.
What is a Franchise Consultant
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Talking with Current Franchise Owners
Reading through a FDD is a key part of your research, but it can’t answer all the potential questions you might have about how it is to actually operate a given franchise. The best way to do this is actually to start talking to current franchisees. The best way is to this is to call or visit a franchisee, don’t just email them. You might need to be a bit persistent, but if you are then you can get all of your questions and concerns answered.
Franchising with the Stars! Choosing the Size of your System
Every new franchisee wishes to own a large franchise. However it may not be possible for a multitude of reasons. Capital restrictions, lack of skilled labor and management, and even access to suppliers. Therefore before buying a franchise, one must consider all of the franchise options available to them. The following is a list of franchise favorites as well as the possible advantages and disadvantages of owning them.